DIY Yarn Wall Hanging – This project is simple enough to be overcome by children but interesting enough to attract the attention of even the most experienced craftsmen. You will learn how to make a very simple loom with us, but effective from cardboard and three basic weaving techniques that can be mixed to create a variety of amazing effects.
Tools and Materials
- tapestry needle
- painter recording
- yarn in various colors and textures
- thin wooden pegs (at least 12 “long)
- wooden sticks to hang
Step 1: Create a Loom
Cut a sturdy piece of cardboard into a rectangle measuring about 12 “x 18”. Wrap the painter’s tape over each of the short ends to strengthen where you will cut the notch. Starting one inch from the long edge of the cardboard, cut a small notch into the recorded area about every 1/4 “.
If notches are not uniform in size, don’t worry, they don’t have to be perfect. But do even number cuts, stop one inch from the other end. Repeat on the opposite side of the cardboard, try to cut the same notch on each side.
Step 2: Wrap the Loom
Choose a thread that is thin enough to wrap the loom, my preference is for threads with the worst weight of neutral color. Start by attaching the end of the yarn to the back of the loom. Pull the thread through the first notch on the upper front edge of the loom, down and to the first notch on the bottom edge, back behind to the second notch on the top edge, and continue until all notches are full. You want the thread to be tight enough.
If the strands don’t feel as though they have a slight reflection or tension, gently stroke them by guiding extra thread through the notch from one side to the other. Cut the yarn from the ball and glue the second end to the back of the loom.
Step 3: Basic or Tabby Weave
You always want to start a weaving project with a few basic woven lines or cats. To make this process easier, you can start by inserting dowels between threads in the loom, called warp threads. The dowel will help separate the warp yarn, making it easier to attach the yarn above and below the yarn back and forth. insert the thread whose length can be set to the rug needle.
Note, the needle makes guiding thread slightly easier but that is optional, with thicker threads, I only pull the ends with my fingers. Pull the yarn, known as weft, through warp threads, running under the first and the second, alternating until you reach the end, pulling the yarn almost all the way, leaving the tail that can be woven at the end.
Push the hammer and pull the weft back in the other direction, this time you will go where the previous thread is under and below where the previous thread went. Gently pull this second line, leaving a little leeway, gently press down on the second row to fill the first one. You do not want to pull the weft too tight because it will cause weaving to flock to the side.
If you see the sides of your work is interested, try to loosen your weave a little before you push it down. Pull your dowel and backward across the loom the same way you did in the first round. Once again, pull gently and push the line to fill the one underneath. Continue until you have at least four rows of cats. Cut the yarn, and again, leave the tail to weave later.
Step 4: Rya Knot
To make a rim that will hang at the bottom of the weaving, tie a row of rya knots to the warp thread. First, cut a large number of long strands around 28 “. The easiest way to do this is to wrap the yarn from your hand to your elbows many times. Pull the bundle from your arm and cut one side. To make a nice thick rim use at least two strands that are put together at once.
Place the center of your strands on top of your first two strands. Slide the left end of your strand below and through the left thread and tuck the right end of your strand below and through the right thread. Your strand’s tail will come out of the space between the first two warp threads. Gently pull the bottom of the strand to tighten the knot. Repeat the process with the third and fourth warp threads. Continue adding vertices all the way across the bottom of your work.
Step 5: Continue Weaving
Using the same technique as explained in Step 3, continue to add the woven cat to your wall decoration. Use different yarn colors and textures to add variety. You can complete your entire weaving by tabby weaving or you can add another texture layer by weaving soumack, explained in the next step.
Step 6: Soumack Weave
This weave gives a braid look and is very beautiful with roving or extra-large yarns. If you don’t have thick yarn, consider holding several strands as one for a similar look. Start from the left side of your project, pull the weft under the first two warp threads, then pull above and behind the second two warp threads. Continue to pass the weft around the warp thread pairs, right and down to the left until you reach the last pair of weft yarns.
Wrap the weft yarn around the last two warp threads twice and start weaving soumak in the opposite direction. Insert your weft thread and then under a pair of warp threads through the tail to the right. Continue to pass the weft around the warp thread pairs, left and down right until you reach the last pair of weft yarns. Wrap the last string of warp and cut your yarn, leaving the tail to be woven later.
Step 7: Finish Weaving
After the soumack row, continue by weaving the cat. You might want to interrupt the cat with another set of soumack, the second set shown above works in the opposite direction. The last line of your weaving should always be in the basic weave of the cat. Stop when you approach the top of your loom.
Step 8: Remove From Loom
At the back of the loom, cut the yarn toward the bottom of the loom, and gently release the warp thread from the gap.
Step 9: Bind
Start with the warp threads down, tie carefully the first and second threads together with a square knot, being careful to get a tight bond with the base of the weaving. Continue across the entire bottom edge of the job until all warp threads are securely fastened. Repeat at the top.
Step 10: Weave at the Edge
You will insert all loose threads into the back of your work. You can use crochet hooks or rug needles to make this process easier. After the loose thread is run through several lines at the back of the work you can cut the excess.